In our Apennines with its forests, grassy meadows, ravines and fossils hidden in its valleys hides ruins of a Roman city. It’s Veleia Roman tha was originally inhabited since 500 B.C. (2500 years old cenerary artifacts were also unearthed in the vicinity) then by the Ligures Veleiates tribes and that by the Ist c. A. D. it had already been transformed into a thriving and prosperous city by the Romans.
Veleia Romana is 28 km from Borgo di Vigoleno, you can vist ruins all year round and during the summer take place the Ancient Theatre Festival.
The existence of the roman city of Veleia has been certified by ancient sources but any further information, including the area where it was built, had been lost soon. In 1747 the dean of the Macinesso Parish Church found the fragments of a bronze inscription and, unaware of its great value, sold them to the nearby foundries. Fortunately, it had not been destroyed thanks to a scholar (of that period) that recognised its artistic value and, together with Antonio Costa, canon of/in the Cathedral of Piacenza, bought the missing fragments.
Two years later, two scholars, Ludovico Muratori and Scipione Maffei, identified the Tabula Alimentaria traianea , the institution established by Nerva and developed/pushed ahead by his successor, Trajan.
Muratori also realized that the place where they had found the inscription was the site of the ancient Veleia.
After this remarkable discovery, the Duke of Parma don Filippo I di Borbone, aiming at competing with his brother, the Duke Carlo III, that was exploring at that time the roman site of Pompeii, officially started the excavations and, a few months later, founded/established the Ducal Museum of Antiquities, now the National Archaeological Museum of Parma, in order to receive the findings.